Start Beekeeping

If you have a garden and enjoy honey… Why not become a BeeKeeper!

Beekeeping is easy and fun. It looks daunting at first but Omlet’s Beehaus, a futuristic looking beehive, has brought a revolution to beekeeping and has made Urban Beekeeping a very viable hobby.

It is a bit expensive than the traditional Langstroth and National beehives but it looks cool and is easier to handle for the beginners.

A few videos to wet your appetite: 

How Robin Dartington handles Bees

Go on a Beekeeping Course

LESSON 101:

A Brief History of Beehives

Modified from: http://www.omlet.co.uk/guide/guide.php?view=bees&cat=Starting+Out&sub=beehive+types

You can be forgiven for confusion when choosing the best beehive – this brief history of beehives should give you a hand.

 Bees in the wild

During the long millions of years before man started to ‘keep’ bees, honeybee colonies lived wild in natural cavities. Provided they were healthy and the weather was favourable, they swarmed most years as a means of reproduction. However, starting a new colony is risky; three quarters of natural swarms are dead from starvation within a year. Beekeepers today provide hives three times the size of natural cavities, reducing the chances of a colony swarming. There are now a wide variety of beehives to choose from. Here is a brief history.

 The skep

About a few thousand years ago, beekeeping progressed from robbing wild nests to housing swarms in upturned baskets (skeps) – the swarms that escaped were captured to replace colonies that were killed for their wax and honey. You cannot realistically keep a colony of bees in a skep because it is almost impossible to inspect them (in fact in the USA it is illegal to keep bees in them). However, a skep is sometime useful to catch a swarm in.

1850 – The Langstroth

The Langstroth was developed by a very famous beekeeper of the same name –Loranzo Langstroth. He formally recognised ‘bee-space’ and produced the first practical movable-frame hive around the 1850s. Bees could now build their comb on frames which could be moved and manipulated. Langstroth was primarily interested in bees rather than honey – but his developments provided the basis for modern honey production. He listed fifty-four desirable qualities for an improved hive – most, but not all, are now standard. The Langstroth hive is the most popular in America and Australia.

1890 – The WBC

Named after the inventor, William Broughton Carr, the WBC has become an iconic and highly recognisable beehive design. It is based on the same principles as the Cheshire and Cowan but with an extra outer wall. This provides the bees with additional insulation and quickly became popular. However, it was rarely used commercially because it was complex and costly to make and also inconvenient to use.

 

 

1920 – 1930 The National

Simpler, cheaper and utilitarian – the National hive was introduced to make it easier for beekeepers to move hives to pollinate agricultural crops, in particular orchards and heather. It has a small square footprint and can be stacked efficiently on pallets or backs of trucks. The National is now the most common hive in the UK for both commercial and hobby beekeeping due to its perceived cheapness. The frames are smaller than the Langstroth but have larger lugs on the side. However, many modern beekeepers argue that the brood box is too small for modern breeds of bee. To house the complete brood, an extra brood box is often required, which is sometimes called a ‘brood and a half’.

1975 – The Dartington Hive

The Dartington Hive was developed by the engineer and inventor Robin Dartington. He developed the Dartington hive specifically to keep bees in gardens or rooftops and not for commercial purposes. Robin had started keeping bees on the roof of his London home and become frustrated by the complexity of the National and WBC hive. The Dartington’s brood box is larger than both the National and Langstroth beehives – giving the bee colony freedom to grow without restriction. However, the supers are half the size, allowing for easy handling.

2009 – The Beehaus

The Beehaus is a brand of beehive developed by a British company called Omlet — famous for designing an urban chicken coop, the eglu. The beehaus aims to make it easier for people in urban environments to keep honeybees. It is made from MDPE plastic and is based on the same principles as the Dartington Beehive. It is the first major redesign of the beehive for many years. This is now a very popular beehive in urban areas.

The Top-Bar 

Top-bar hives have a long history as the concept is believed to be several thousand years old. The earliest hives are believed to be baskets with sticks lain across the top as bars. Most modern top-bar hives are found in Africa. Owing to the low cost and ease of construction these are especially appropriate for use in non-industrialized and impoverished locations. These hives are also showing a resurgence in the USA. The two basic forms of top-bar hives (named after their countries of origin) are the Kenyan (KTBH, with sloped sides ) and the Tanzanian (“Tanz”, with vertical sides).

Advertisements

2 comments

Discuss

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s